Periodontal Disease is a treatable, but not always curable, condition that affects the supporting bone structures and soft tissues around the teeth. In fact “Peri” means around and “odontal” means teeth. In the beginning stages of Periodontal Disease, also known as Gingivitis, plaque (the sticky substance containing bacteria that forms on your teeth shortly after you brush them) causes the immune system to release toxins into the tissues. The tissues respond to the toxins by becoming red, inflamed and bleeding as well as damaging the surrounding periodontal ligaments and alveolar bone (which is what keeps your teeth in place ). Once the ligaments and bone start to deteriorate, pockets occur. When the plaque is not properly removed, and gathers under the gums, causing the tissues to come away from the tooth, thus, causing a periodontal pocket. If left untreated this progression can and will cause the teeth to become loose, which is Severe Periodontitis. Prevention is key in Periodontal Disease. By keeping up with the regular six months cleaning coupled with brushing and flossing daily, Periodontal Disease should be kept at bay. But once the periodontal ligaments and bone level become compromised, either by infrequent cleanings and/or improper home care, then more drastic measures must be taken. Treatment includes Scaling and Root Planing, also called a “Deep Cleaning” followed by more frequent Perio Maintenance appointments until the condition is under control. Again, Periodontal Disease is not curable, but with the combined efforts of the Hygienist/Cleanings and proper Home care, Periodontal Disease can be managed, controlled and prevented.